Early childhood is a crucial stage of life in terms of a child’s physical, intellectual, emotional and social development. Growth of mental and physical abilities progress at an astounding rate and a very high proportion of learning takes place from birth to age six. It is a time when children particularly need high quality personal care and learning experiences.
Education begins from the moment the child is brought home from the hospital and continues on when the child starts to attend playgroups and kindergartens. The learning capabilities of humans continue for the rest of their lives but not at the intensity that is demonstrated in the preschool years. With this in mind, babies and toddlers need positive early learning experiences to help their intellectual, social and emotional development and this lays the foundation for later school success.
During the first three years parents will be the main influence in the child’s learning experience and education. What parents do and expose their children to have a vast impact on the development of the child. Parents sometimes forget that an interested parent can have a tremendous impact on a child’s education at any age. If the parents choose to participate in a Mothers and Toddlers group or child-care arrangements, including family babysitting or center-based child care, these all have the potential to provide high-quality, individualized, responsive, and stimulating experiences that will influence the child’s learning experience. With this in mind, a child in a negative environment could also result in negative effects as well. This fact makes it essential that the environment that the child is placed in during these early years be as positive and intellectually stimulating as possible. Very strong relationships are imbedded in everyday routines that familiar caregivers provide. It is the primary caregiver that a child learns to trust and looks to for security and care.
Primary education has been considered as a priority and the large percentage of MoEYS budget allocated to this area needs to be maintained. Good public financial management requires the demonstration of a strong linkage between resources and results.
Several development partners will continue to provide financial and technical development of the sub sector: the Global Partnership for Education will develop a program, SIDA provides support through a school improvement grant to every school and EU provides budget support which creates the possibility to increase the school operating budget through Program Budgeting (PB) funds. The multi donor funded Capacity Development Partnership Fund provides opportunities to strengthen capacity at all levels. World Food Program (WFP) will continue the school feeding program. And other DPs and NGOs implement innovative programs which provide input to policy discussion and possible scale up.
General Secondary Education
During the 2009–2013 period, a number of policy level actions have been taken The Master Plan for Secondary Education development and the operational manual for secondary education resource center are approved, a Child Friendly School Policy for basic education, and changes in curriculum development. The in-service training systems for math and sciences were developed. The local life skills, ICT, tourism curriculum is approved and library standards for secondary school have been drafted. The enrolment in and the quality of secondary education has improved a little. The repetition rate has decreased slightly but the dropout rate has not changed. More students have selected science subjects; however, the quality of student learning in these subjects is unclear as there is no national assessment test conducted at Grade 12.
The Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport (MoEYS) has the mission of managing and developing these sectors to meet the economic, social and cultural needs of Cambodia. The competencies and responsibilities of the Ministry include developing human resources, assuring quality through national policies and plans, and developing laws and regulations in relevant fields. To fulfill this task, the MoEYS is organized into general Departments and Institutions of Higher Education, as well as branches in each province capitals.
Cambridge International School of Cambodia (CISC) was founded since 2010. It started as a franchised daycare and preschool from Yale Holdings Pte (Singapore) on 2nd February 2010 with the aim of bringing quality education into Cambodia. Our school was inaugurated on 1st April 2010 as a Singapore trilingual international preschool. On 28th June 2013, CISC expanded its national and international curricula to Primary Education. It then extended its scope to Secondary Education since 8th August 2018.
CISC offers international and trilingual (Khmer, English, Chinese) curricula with recognized standards from Cambodia’s Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (MoEYS) especially the license of year 12 Baccalaureate Equivalent Diploma, International Primary/Secondary Curriculum from the UK and Chinese Odonata Class from Malaysia and lastly in 2023 Cambridge International School of Cambodia got the International Certificate of Recognition and was awarded by the School Curriculum and Standard Authority (SCSA) of Western Australia to implement the Western Australian Certificate of Education (WACE).